Australian Dollar Overview, History, Current Forex Rates

The exchange rate from USD to AUD varies, although generally the USD is about $.09-$.4 stronger than the AUD. Since the end of China’s large-scale purchases of Australian commodities in 2013, however, the Australian dollar’s value versus the US dollar has since plunged to $0.88 as of end-2013, and to as low as $0.57 in March 2020. In the two decades that followed, its highest value relative to the US dollar was $0.881 in December 1988.

  1. Relatively high interest rates compared to other major central banks support the AUD, and the opposite for relatively low.
  2. Each of the major trading currencies in the world is controlled (or at least strongly influenced) by the central bank of the issuing country.
  3. The lack of intervention of the Central Bank and the stability of the government and economy make it popular among other currencies.
  4. Through its involvement in the EMEAP Asian Bond Fund (ABF) Initiative, the Reserve Bank has also made investments in several Asian debt markets.
  5. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.

The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet. Regarding domestic market capitalization, the Australian Securities Exchange in Sydney is the 16th largest stock exchange in the world. However, due to Australia’s colonial heritage, many companies operating in the country are foreign-owned, despite periods of positive net exports. Foreign Exchange Markets are influenced by several factors causing demand and supply to fluctuate. These factors have a long-term and short-term impact on the Australian Dollar’s value. The Australian economy has historically relied heavily on commodity exports such as minerals and agricultural products.

What is the US to Australian Dollar Exchange Rate?

Australia is one of the largest exporters of iron ore and coal in the world; hence, the value of AUD depends heavily on the prices of commodities. During the 2015 energy recession, oil prices reached a ten-year low, and the prices of both iron ore and coal plunged to a recent low. Before the introduction of the Australian dollar in 1966, the Australian pound was the currency of Australia. Similar to the British pound, the Australian currency was divided into 20 shillings, which were further divided into 12 pence. The circulation of the Australian pound began in 1910 at the same level as the pound sterling.

Understanding the AUD/USD (Australian Dollar/U.S. Dollar) Currency Pair

In particular, the AUD/USD pair often runs counter to the USD/CAD, as both AUD and CAD are commodity block currencies. Currencies always trade in pairs, with each part of the pair represented by a three-letter abbreviation. You can view the Australian dollar exchange rate before each transaction to ensure that you’re getting the best rate. Remitly makes it easy to send money from Australia with our money transfer app. You can fund your transfer with a debit or credit card—or with a bank account—and send it directly to your loved one’s bank account or a cash pickup location. Europeans established the first colony in Australia in 1788, and they brought their own currencies with them, including the Spanish dollar and the British pound.

From financial struggles in New Zealand to free boxing sessions in western Sydney

With its colorful banknotes and distinct coinage, Australian currency clearly stands out from other dollar currencies. Although it uses the same symbol as the U.S. dollar, you can identify it by the letters AUD on your favorite currency converter. Banks often advertise free or low-cost transfers, but add a hidden markup to the exchange rate. Wise gives you the real, mid-market, exchange rate, so you can make huge savings on your international money transfers.

He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The table below shows the percentage change of Australian Dollar (AUD) against listed major currencies today. The China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing (CFLP) has released the monthly Non-Manufacturing Purchasing forex candlestick patterns Managers’ Index (PMI), indicating an improvement in the performance of China’s service sector for January. The reading came in at 50.7, slightly surpassing the expected figure of 50.6. Concurrently, the Manufacturing PMI also demonstrated improvement, reaching 49.2, meeting the anticipated value and advancing from the previous reading of 49.

In 1966, the Australian dollar replaced the pound, with 1 Australian dollar divided into 100 cents—just like the U.S. dollar (USD) and New Zealand dollar (NZD). In other states, the program is sponsored by Community Federal Savings Bank, to which we’re a service provider. Compare our rate and fee with our competitors and see the difference for yourself. The Xe Rate Alerts will let you know when the rate you need is triggered on your selected currency pairs. These are the lowest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods.

A new series of AUD polymer notes is being unveiled, starting with the 5 AUD notes introduced in September 2016. A new 10 AUD note was launched on September 20, 2017, and a new 50 AUD note was issued on October 18, 2018. The new 20 AUD bill was launched on October 9, 2019, while the new 100 AUD note was launched on October 29, 2020. Currently, denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 AUD are in circulation. With respect to coins, 1 AUD and 2 AUD, and 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents are presently in use.

The AUD is managed by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is the central bank of Australia, which sets the country’s monetary policy and issues and manages the Australian money supply. The bank, entirely owned by the Australian government, was established in 1960. Australian notes and coins are also legal tender in the independent sovereign states of Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu.[4][5][6] Nauru never had its own currency. Tuvalu and Kiribati additionally had their respective Tuvaluan and Kiribati dollars at par with the Australian dollar.

Because Australia has a floating exchange rate, the value of the Australian Dollar is determined by the demand and supply of Australian dollars in the foreign currency market. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is mainly responsible for the country’s monetary policy and money supply. In addition, the RBA is in charge of controlling inflation and unemployment rates in the country. It also provides services to Australian and other financial institutions in the country.

On 27 September 2012, the Reserve Bank of Australia stated that it had ordered work on a project to upgrade the current banknotes. China is Australia’s largest trading partner so the health of the Chinese economy is a major influence on the value of the Australian Dollar (AUD). When the Chinese economy is doing well it purchases more raw materials, goods and services from Australia, lifting demand for the AUD, and pushing up its value. The opposite is the case when the Chinese economy is not growing as fast as expected.

Controlling interest rates and inflation in Australia is also complicated by the country’s very heavy reliance on commodities and relatively small domestic industrial base. This has led to large and persistent current account deficits for most of Australia’s post-World War 2 history. Though Australia’s debt is not large as a percentage of GDP, increases in government spending are putting this on the table as a potential concern. Australia’s resource wealth has not had a universally positive impact on the country’s economy. Even with a policy of economic liberalization dating back to the early 1980s, Australia has never managed to develop a thriving domestic manufacturing sector.

What Type of Money Do They Use in Australia?

In contrast, back in December, swaps initially implied over an 80% chance of a rate trim in March. This capacity does not exist with a floating exchange rate and an internationalized currency such as the US dollar. Under a managed exchange rate, the authorities have some degree of influence over the composition of the balance of payments between the current and capital accounts.

Commemorative designs have also been featured on the circulating two dollar, one dollar, and 20 cent coins. These, however, although having the status of legal tender, are almost never circulated or used in payment of debts, and are mostly considered bullion coins. Australian coins are now produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.

Australia is a country of immigrants, with 30% of residents born outside the country. So it’s no surprise that many of those residents need to send money to family and friends back home. Most Australian businesses accept debit cards and credit cards, and there are ATMs available in all major cities and even small towns. Fortunately, it’s easy to get a bank account and send money to and from Australia. In fact, you may find them hard to cash, and more expensive than other options. And for several years in the 1960s and 1970s, it was the official currency of Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

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